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Colonial Period

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Colonial Period

No. Date and designation of Cherokee Treaties Description of cession Color
1 Treaty of 1721 with South Carolina Tract in South Carolina between Santee, Saluda, and Edisto Rivers. Red
2 Treaty of Nov. 24,1755, with South Carolina Tract in South Carolina between Wateree and Savannah Rivers. Blue
3 Treaty of Oct. 19, 1768, with British Superintendent of Indian Affairs Tract in Southwestern Virginia Mauve
4 Treaty of Oct. 18,1770, at Loehaber, S. C. Tract in Virginia, West Virginia, North-eastern Tennessee, and Eastern Kentucky, which is overlapped by No. 7. Red
5 Treaty of 1772 with Virginia Tract in Virginia, West Virginia, and Eastern Kentucky. Yellow
6 Treaty of June 1,1773, with British Superintendent of Indian Affairs. Tract in Georgia, north of Broad River Mauve
7 Treaty of March 17, 1775, with Richard Henderson et at. Tract in Kentucky, Virginia, and Tennessee (overlaps No. 4). Blue
8 Treaty of May 20, 1777, with South Carolina and Georgia. Tract in Northwestern South Carolina Red
9 Treaty of July 20, 1777, with Virginia and North Carolina. Tract in Western North Carolina and Northeastern Tennessee. Green
10 Treaty of May 31, 1783, with Georgia Tract in Georgia, between Oconee and Tngaloo Rivers. Green

Federal Period

No. Date and designation of Cherokee Treaties Description of cession Color
10a Treaty of Nov. 28,1785, with United States Tract in Western North Carolina Yellow
10b Treaty of Nov. 28,1785, with United States Tract in Southern and Western Kentucky, and Northern Tennessee. Green
11 Treaty of July 2,1791, with United States Tract in Western North Carolina and Eastern Tennessee. Brown
12 Treaty of Oct. 2,1798, with United States. Tract in Tennessee. between Hawkins Line, Tennessee River, and Chilhowee Mountain. Red
13 Treaty of Oct. 2,1798, with United States. Tract in North Carolina, between Pickens and Meta line. Red
14 Treaty of Oct. 2,1798, with United States. Tract in Tennessee, between Clinch River and Cumberland Mountain. Red
15 Treaty of Oct. 24,1804, with United States Tract in Georgia, known as Wafford's Settlement. Red
16 Treaty of Oct. 25,1805, with United States Tract in Kentucky and Tennessee, west of Tennessee River and Cumberland Mountain. Yellow
17 Treaty of Oct. 27,1805, with United States Tract in Tennessee of one section at Southwest Point. Green
18 Treaty of Oct. 27,1805, with United States First island in Tennessee River above the month of Clinch River. Mauve
19 Treaty of Jan. 7, 1806, with United States Tract in Tennessee and Alabama, between Tennessee and Duck Rivers. Red
20 Treaty of Jan. 7, 1806, with United States Long or Great Island in Holston River. Red
21 Treaty of Mar. 22,1816, with United States Tract in northwest corner of South Carolina Blue
22 Treaty of Sept. 14,1816, with United States. Tract in Alabama and Mississippi Green
23 Treaty of July 8, 1817, with United States Tract in Northeastern Georgia Yellow
24 Treaty of July 8, 1817, with United States Tract in Southern Tennessee Green
25 Treaty of July 8, 1817, with United States Tract in Northern Alabama, between Cypress and Elk Ricers. Blue
26 Treaty of July 8, 1817, with United States Tract in Northern Alabama, above mouth of Spring Creek on Tennessee River. Blue
27 Treaty of Feb. 27, 1819, with United States Tract in Northern Alabama and Southern Tennessee. Yellow
28 Treaty of Feb. 27, 1819, with United States Tract in Southern Tennessee, on Tennessee River. Red
29 Treaty of Feb. 27, 1819, with United States Tract in Tennessee, North Carolina, and Georgia. Mauve
30 Treaty of Feb. 27, 1819, with United States. Jolly's Island, in Tennessee River Red
31 Treaty of Feb. 27, 1819, with United States. Small tract in Tennessee, at and below the month of Clinch River. Green
32 Treaty of Feb. 27, 1819, with United States. Tract of 12 miles square, on Tennessee River, in Alabama. Mauve
33 Treaty of Feb. 27, 1819, with United States. Tract 1 mile square, in Tennessee, at foot of Cumberland Mountain. Green
34 Treaty of Feb. 27, 1819, with United States. Tract of 1 mile square, at Cherokee Talootiske's residence. Green
35 Treaty of Feb. 27, 1819, with United States. Tract of 3 square miles, opposite mouth of Hiwassee River. Green
36 Treaty of Dec. 29, 1835, with United States. Tract in Alabama, Georgia and Tennessee, being all remaining lands east of the Mississippi River. Blue
37 Treaty of May 6, 1828, with United States This treaty was with the Cherokees residing west of the Mississippi, and they ceded the lands in Arkansas granted them by treaties of 1817 and 1819, receiving in exchange a tract farther west. These latter boundaries were subsequently modified and enlarged by the treaties of Feb. 14, 1833, an d Dec. 29, 1835. Green
38 Treaty of July 19, 1866, with United States Tract known as "Neutral Land, "in Kansas, ceded in trust to be sold by the United States for the benefit of the Cherokees. Red
39 Treaty of July 19, 1866, with United States Tract known as " Cherokee Strip, "in Kansas, ceded in trust to be sold for the benefit of the Cherokees by the United States. Yellow
40 Treaty of July 19, 1866, with United States Tract sold to Osages Green
41 Treaty of July 19, 1866, with United States Tract sold to Kansas or Kawa Red
42 Treaty of July 19, 1866, with United States Tract sold to Pawnees Red
43 Treaty of July 19, 1866, with United States Tract sold to Ponca Red
44 Treaty of July 19, 1866, with United States Tract sold to Nez Perc Yellow
45 Treaty of July 19, 1866, with United States Tract sold to Oto and Missouri Yellow
46 Present country of the Cherokee east of 90 W. longitude This is the country now actually occupied
and to be permanently retained by the Cherokees.
Red
47 Present country of the Cherokee west of 90 W. longitude This is the remnant of the country dedicated by the treaty of July 19, 1866, to the location of other friendly tribes. The Cherokees retain their title to and control over it until actual purchase by and location of other tribes thereon. Blue

The arrangement of the historical text has seemed to the writer to be that best suited to the object in view. As will be observed, an abstract of the salient provisions of each treaty is given, beginning with the first treaty concluded between the Cherokee Nation and the United States of America. In each instance, immediately following this abstract, will be found the historical data covering the period and the events leading to its negotiation, as well as those of the subsequent period intimately connected with the results of such treaty.


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Bureau of Ethnology, Volume 5, Cherokee Nation of Indians, 1883-84

Cherokee Nation of Indians

 

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