- Kalapooiah, Scouler in Jour. Roy. Geog. Soc. Lond., XI, 335,
1841 (includes Kalapooiah and Yamkallie; thinks the Umpqua and
Cathlascon languages are related). Buschmann, Spuren der aztek.
Sprache, 599, 617, 1859, (follows Scouler).
- Kalapuya, Hale in U.S. Expl. Exp., VI, 3217, 584, 1846 (of
Willamet Valley above Falls). Gallatin in Trans. Am. Eth. Soc.,
I pt. 1, c, 17, 77, 1848. Berghaus (1851), Physik. Atlas, map
17, 1853. Gallatin in Sohoolcraft, Ind. Tribes, III, 402, 1853.
Latham in Trans. Philolog. Soc. Lond., 73, 1856. Buschmann,
Spuren der aztek. Sprache, 617, 1859. Latham, Opuscula, 340,
1860. Gatschet in Mag. Arn. Hist., 167, 1877. Gatschet in Beach,
Ind. Misc., 443, 1877.
- Calapooya, Bancroft, Nat. Races, III, 565, 639, 1883.
- Chinooks, Keane, App. Stanford’s Comp. (Cent, and So. Am.),
474, 1878 (includes Calapooyas and Yamkally).
- Yamkally, Bancroft, Nat. Races, III, 565, 630, 1883 (bears a
certain relationship to Calapooya).
Under this family name Scouler places two tribes, the Kalapooiah,
inhabiting “the fertile Willamat plains” and the Yamkallie, who
live “more in the interior, towards the sources of the Willamat
Kiver.” Scouler adds that the Umpqua “appear to belong to this
Family, although their language is rather more remote from the
Kalapooiah than the Yamkallie is.” The Umpqua language is now
placed under the Athapascan family. Scouler also asserts the
intimate relationship of the Cathlascon tribes to the Kalapooiah
family. They are now classed as Chinookan.
The tribes of the Kalapooian family inhabited the valley of
Willamette River, Oregon, above the falls, and extended well up to
the headwaters of that stream. They appear not to have reached the
Columbia River, being cut off by tribes of the Chinookan family, and
consequently were not met by Lewis and Clarke, whose statements of
their habitat were derived solely from natives.
Ahántchuyuk (Pudding River Indians).
Population.—So far as known the
surviving Indians of this family are all at the Grande Ronde Agency,
The following is a census for 1890:
Indian Linguistic Families of America North of Mexico, 1891