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 Native American Nations | Linguistic Families                    

1. Proc. Am. Ass. Adv. Science, 1877, vol. 26.
2. Adventures on the Columbia River, 1849, p. 117.
3. Report on the Queen Charlotte Islands, 1878, p. 117.
4. Hist. of Am. Ind., 1775, p. 282.
5. Powers, Cont. N.A. Eth. 1877, vol. 3, p. 109: Dawson, Queen Charlotte Islands, 1880, p. 117.
6. Travels of Lewis and Clarke, London, 1809, p. 189.
7. Dall, Map Alaska, 1877.
8. Fide Nelson in Dall’s address, Am. Assoc. Adv. Sci., 1885, p. 13.
9. Cruise of the Corwin, 1887.
10. Gibbs in Pac. R. R. Rep. I, 1855, p. 428.
11. Lewis and Clarke, Exp., 1814, vol. 2, p. 382.
12. Gatschet and Dorsey, MS., 1883-’84.
13. Dorsey, MS., map, 1884, B.E.
14. Hamilton, MS., Haynarger Vocab., B.E.; Powers, Contr. N.A. Ethn., 1877, vol. 3, p. 65.
15. Dorsey, MS., map, 1884, B.E.
16. Powers, Contr. N.A. Ethn., 1877, vol. 3, pp. 72, 73.
17. Powers, Contr. N.A. Ethn., 1877, vol. 3, p. 114.
18. Powers, Contr. N.A. Ethn., 1877, vol. 3, p. 122.
19. Cortez in Pac. R. R. Rep., 1856, vol. 3, pt. 3, pp. 118, 119.
20. Bartlett, Pers. Narr., 1854; Orozco y Berra, Geog., 1864.
21. Lewis, Travels of Lewis and Clarke, 15, 1809.
22. Dorsey in Am. Naturalist, March, 1886, p. 215.
23. Dorsey, Omaha map of Nebraska.
24. Dorsey in Am. Nat., March, 1886, p. 215.
25. Carte de la Louisiane, 1718.
26. In 1719, fide Margry, VI, 289, “the Ousita village is on the southwest branch of the Arkansas River.
27. 1805, in Lewis and Clarke, Discov., 1806, p. 66.
28. Second Mass, Hist. Coll., vol. 2, 1814, p. 23.
29. 1690, in French, Hist. Coll. La., vol. 1, p. 72.
30. 1719, in Margry, vol. 6, p. 264.
31. Dr. Boas was informed in 1889, by a surviving Chimakum woman and several Clallam, that the tribe was confined to the peninsula between Hood’s Canal and Port Townsend.
32. B.A.A.S. Fifth Rep. of Committee on NW. Tribes of Canada. Newcastle-upon-Tyne meeting, 1889, pp. 8-9.
33. Geografía de las Lenguas de México, map, 1864.
34. Mag. Am. Hist., 1877, p. 157.
35. Cont. N.A. Eth., 1877, vol. 3, p. 535.
36. Dobbs (Arthur). An account of the Countries adjoining to Hudson’s Bay. London, 1744.
37. Sixth Ann. Rep. Bu. Eth., 426, 1888.*******
38. Relacion del viage hecho por las Goletas Sutil y Mexicana en el año de 1792. Madrid, 1802, p. 172.
39. Iroquois Book of Rites, 1883, app., p. 173.
40. American Anthropologist, 1888, vol. 1, p. 188.
41. New Views of the Origin of the Tribes and Nations of America. Phila., 1798.
42. Trans. Am. Antiq. Soc., 1836, vol. 2, p. 92.
43. Am. Antiq., 1883, vol. 5, p. 20.
44. Cession No. 1, on Royce’s Cherokee map, 1884.
45. Howe in Schoolcraft, Ind. Tribes, 1854, vol. 4, p. 163.
46. Cession 2, on Royce’s Cherokee map, 1884.
47. Howe in Schoolcraft, Ind. Tribes, 1854, vol. 4, pp. 155-159.
48. Cession 4, on Royce’s Cherokee map, 1884.
49. Sir William Johnson in Parkman’s Conspiracy of Pontiac, app.
50. Bancroft, Hist. U.S.
51. Ramsey, Annals of Tennessee, 1853.
52. Ramsey, Annals of Tennessee, 1853.
53. Blount (1792) in Am. State Papers, 1832, vol. 4, p. 336.
54. Schoolcraft, Notes on Iroquois, 1847.
55. Bancroft, Hist. U.S.
56. Am. State Papers, 1832, vol. 4, p. 722.
57. Summer pueblos only.
58. Includes Acomita and Pueblito.
59. Includes Hasatch, Paguate, Punyeestye, Punyekia, Pusityitcho, Seemunah, Wapuchuseamma, and Ziamma.
60. Trans. and Coll. Am. Antiq. Soc., 1836, vol. II, p. 133.
61. Pac. R. R. Rep., 1855, vol. 2, pt. 3, p. 16.
62. Pike, Exp. to sources of the Mississippi, App., 1810, pt. 3, p. 9.
63. Annual Report of the Geological Survey of Canada, 1887.
64. Petroff, Report on the Population, Industries, and Resources of Alaska, 1884, p. 33.
65. U.S. Expl. Exp., 1846, vol. 6, p, 221.
66. Allen Ed., 1814, vol. 2, p. 118.
67. Nat. Hist. Man, 1850, p. 325.
68. U.S. Expl. Exp., 1846, vol. 6, pp. 630, 633.
69. On p. 119, Archæologia Americana.
70. Gatschet, Creek Mig. Legend, 1884, vol. 1, p. 62.
71. Trans. Am. Antiq. Soc., 1836, vol. 2, p. 95.
72. D. G. Brinton in Am. Antiquarian, March, 1885, pp. 109-114.
73. U.S. Expl. Expd., 1846, vol. 6, pp. 199, 218.
74. Cont. N.A. Eth. vol. 3, p. 267.
75. Buschmann, Die Pima-Sprache und die Sprache der Koloschen, pp. 321-432.
76. According to the U.S. Census Bulletin for 1890.
77. U.S. Expl. Exp., VI, p. 631.
78. Trans. and Coll. Am. Antiq. Soc., II, 1836.
79. Allen ed., Philadelphia, 1814, vol. 1, p. 418.
80. U.S. Ind. Aff., 1869, p. 289.
81. Stevens in Pac. R. R. Rep., 1855, vol. 1, p. 329.
82. Lewis and Clarke, Allen ed., 1814, vol. 1, p. 34.
83. Pike, Expl. to sources of the Miss., app. pt. 3, 16, 1810.
84. Ives, Colorado River, 1861, p. 54.
85. Powers in Cont. N.A. Eth., 1877, vol. 3, p. 369.
86. See treaty of Prairie du Chien, 1825.
87. Marquette’s Autograph Map.
88. Disc. of Miss. Valley, p. 170, note.
89. See Cheyenne treaty, in Indian Treaties, 1873, pp. 124, 5481-5489.
90. Lewis and Clarke, Trav., Lond., 1807, p. 25. Lewis and Clarke, Expl., 1874, vol. 2, p. 390. A. L. Riggs, MS. letter to Dorsey, 1876 or 1877. Dorsey, Ponka tradition: “The Black Hills belong to the Crows.” That the Dakotas were not there till this century see Corbusier’s Dakota Winter Counts, in 4th Rept. Bur. Eth., p. 130, where it is also said that the Crow were the original owners of the Black Hills.
91. Margry, Découvertes, vol. 4, p. 195.
92. Batts in Doc. Col. Hist. N.Y., 1853, vol. 3, p. 194. Harrison, MS. letter to Dorsey, 1886.
93. Doc. Col. Hist. N.Y., 1854, vol. 4. p. 488.
94. Lawson, Hist. Carolina, 1714; reprint of 1860, p. 384.
95. Archæologia Americana, 1836, II, pp. 15, 306.
96. See Petroff map of Alaska, 1880-’81.
97. Schoolcraft, Indian Tribes, 1855, vol. 5, p. 689.
98. President’s message, February 19, 1806.
99. Gatschet, Creek Mig. Legend, I, 21-22, 1884.
100. Discovery, etc., of Kentucky, 1793, II, 84-7.
101. Gatschet, Creek Mig. Legend, I, p. 20.
102. U.S. Ind. Aff., 1889.
103. Archæologia Americana, II, p. 15.
104. Trans. Am. Eth. Soc. II, p. 77.
105. U.S. Expl. Expd., vol. 6, p. 220.
106. Savage Life, 312.
107. U.S. Census Bulletin for 1890.
108. Canada Ind. Aff. Rep. for 1888.
109. Cont. N.A. Eth., 1877, vol. 3, p. 44.
110. Schoolcraft, Ind. Tribes, 1853, vol. 3, p. 422.
111. Allen, ed. 1814, vol. 2, p. 473.
112. Ibid., p. 118.
113. U. S. Ind. Aff. Rept., 1857, p. 359.
114. Proc. London Philol. Soc., vol. 6, 75, 1854.

Indian Linguistic Families of America North of Mexico, 1891

Linguistic Families

 

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