Native American Nations
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Alphabetical Enumeration of the Indian Tribes and Nations

 Native American Nations |                   

    Any attempt is made, in the following table, to locate the various bands of Aborigines, ancient and modern, and to convey the best information respecting their numbers our multifarious sources will warrant. Modern writers have been, for several years, endeavoring to divide North America into certain districts, each of which should include all the Indians speaking the same, or dialects of the same, language ; but whoever has paid any attention to that subject, must undoubtedly have been convinced that it can never be done with any degree of accuracy. This has been undertaken in reference to an approximation of the great question of the origin of this people, from a comparison of the various languages used among them. An unwritten language is easily varied, and there can be no barrier to innovation. A continual intermixing of tribes has gone on from the period of their origin to the present time, judging from what we have daily seen ; and when any two tribes unite, speaking different languages, or dialects of the same, a new dialect is produced by such amalgamation. Hence the accumulation of vocabularies would be like the pursuit of an infinite series in mathematics; with this difference, however— in the one we recede from the object in pursuit, while in the other we approach it. But I would not be understood to speak disparagingly of this attempt at classification ; for, if it be unimportant in the main design, it will be of considerable service to the student in Indian history on other accounts. Thus, the lichees are said to speak a primitive language, and they were districted in a small territory south of the Cherokees ; but, some 200 years ago,—if they then existed as a tribe, and their tradition be true,— they were bounded on the north by one of the great lakes. And they are said to be descended from the Shawanee by some of themselves. We know an important community of them is still in existence in Florida. Have they created a new language in the course of their wanderings? or have those from whom they separated done so? Such are the difficulties we meet with at every step of a classification. But a dissertation upon these matters cannot now be attempted.
     In the following analysis, the names of the tribes have been generally given in the singular number, for the sake of brevity; and the word Indians, after such names, is omitted from the same cause. Few abbreviations have been used:—W. R., west of the Rocky Mountains; m., miles; r., river; 1., lake; and perhaps a few others. In some instances, reference is made to the body of the work, where a more extended account of a tribe is to be found. Such references are to the Book and Page, the same as in the Index.

E.=east, W=west, N=north, S=south, m=miles,  r=river, l=lake, west of the Rocky Mountains=W.R.


AFFAGOULA, small clan in 1783, on Mississippi river, 8 m. above Point Coupè.
AGAWGM, (Wampanoags,) at Sandwich, Mass; others at Ipswich, in 1620, &C. 
AHWAJIAWAY, (Minetare,) S. W. Missouri 1820, 3 m. above Mandans; 200 in 1805.
AJOUES, South of the Missouri, and North of the Padoucas; 1,100 in 1760.
ALANSAR, (Fall,) head branches S. fork Saskashawan; 2,500 in 1804.
ALGONKIN, over Canada; from low down the St. Lawrence to Lake of the Woods.
ALIATAN, three tribes in 1805 among the Rocky Mountains, on heads Platte.
ALICHE, Hear Nacogdoches in 1805, then nearly extinct; spoke Caddo.
ALLAKAWEAH, (Paunch,) both sides Yellowstone, heads Big Born river; 2,200 in 1805.
ALLIBAMA, (Creeks,) formerly on that river, but removed to Red River in 1764.
AMALISTES, (Algonkins,) once on St. Lawrence; 500 in 1760.
ANASAGUNTAKOOK, (Abenaki,) on sources Androscoggin, in Maine, till 1750.
ANDASTES, once on South shore Lake Erie, S. W. Seneca, who destroyed them in 1672.
APACHES, (Lapane,) between Rio del Norte and sources of Nuaces river; 3,500 in 1817. APALACHICOLA, once on that river in W. Florida; removed to Red River in 1764.
APPALOUSA, aboriginal in the country of their name; but 40 men in 1805.
AQUANUSCHIONI, the name by which the Iroquois knew themselves.
ARAPAHAS, South side main Canada River; 4,000 in 1836, on Kanzas River.
ARMOUCHIQUOIS, or MARACHITE, (Abenaki,) on River St. John, New Brunswick.
ARRENAMUSE, On St. Antonio River, near its mouth, in Texas ; 120 in 1818.
ASSINNABOIN, (Sioux,) between Assinn. and Missouri river; 1,000 on Ottawa river in 1836.
ATENAS, in a village with the Faculli in 1836, west of the Rocky Mountains.
ATHAPASCOW, about the shores of the great lake of their name.
ATNAS, (Ojibewas,) next S. of the Athapascow, about lat. 57° N., in 1790.
ATTACAPAS, in a district of their name in Louisiana; but 50 men in 1805.
ATTAPULGAS, (Seminoles,) on Little r., a branch of Oloklikana, 1820, and 220 souls.
ATTIKAMIGUES, in N. of Canada, destroyed by pestilence in 1670.
AUCOSISCO, (Abenaki,) between the Saco and Androscoggin River in 1630, &c.
ALUGHQUAGA. On E. branch Susquehannah River; 150 in 1768; since extinct.
AYAUAIS, 40 leagues up the Des Moines, S. E. side; 800 in 1805.
AYUTANS, 8,000 in 1820, S. W. the Missouri, near the Rocky Mountains.

BAYAGOULA, W. bank Mississippi, opposite the Colipasa; important in 1699
BEDIES, on Trinity River, La., about 60 m. S. of Nacogdoches; 100 in 1805.
BIG-DEVILS, (Youktons,) 2,501 in 1836; about the heads of Red River.
BILOXI, at Biloxi, Gulf Mex., 1699; a few on Red r., 1804, where they had removed
BLACKFEET, sources Missouri; 30,000 in 1834; nearly destroyed by small-pox, 1838.
BLANCHE, (Bearded, or White,) upper S. branches of the Missouri in 1820.
BLUE-MUD, W., and in the vicinity of the Rocky Mountains in 1820.
BROTIERTON, near Oneida Lake ; composed of various tribes ; 350 in 1836.

CADDO, on Red River in 1717, powerful ; on Sodo Bay in 1800; in 1804, 100 men.
CADODACHE, (Nacogdochet,) on Angelina r., 100 m. above the Nechez; 60 in 1820.
CAIWAS, or KAIWA, on main Canada River, and S. of it in 1830.
CALASTHOCLE, N. Columbia, on the Pacific, next N. the Chillates; 200 in 1820.
CALLIMIX, coast of the Pacific, 40 m. N. Columbia River; 1,200 in 1820.
CAMANCHES, (Shoshone,) warlike and numerous; in interior of Texas.
CANARSEE, on Long Island, N. Y., in 1610, from the W. end to Jamaica.
CANCES. (Kansas,) 1805, from Bay of St. Bernard, over Grand r., toward Vera Cruz
CANIBAS, (Abenaki,) numerous in 1607, and after; on both sides Kennebeck River.
CARANKOCA, on peninsula of Bay of St. Bernard, Louisiana; 1,500 in 1805.
CAREE, on the coast between the Nuaces and Rio del Norte; 2,600 in 1817.
CARRIERS, (Nateotetains,) a name given the natives of N. Caledonia by traders.
CASTARANA, between sources Padouca fork and Yellowstone; 5,000 in 1805.
CATAKA, between N. and S. forks of Chien River; about 3,000 in 1804.
CATAWBA, till late, on their river in S. Carolina; 1,500 in 1743, and 450 in 1764.
CATHLACUMUPS, on main shore Columbia River, S. W. Wappatoo i.; 450 in 1820.
CATHLAKAHIKIT, at the rapids of the Columbia, 160 m. up; 900 in 1820.
CATHLAKAMAPS, 80 in. up Columbia River; about 700 in 1820.
CATHLAMAT, on the Pacific, 30 m. S. mouth of Columbia River; 600 in 1820. CATHLANAMIENAMEN,,on an island in mouth of Wallauuurt River; 400 in 1820.
CATHLANAQUIAH, (Wappatoo,) S. W. side Wappatoo Island; 400 in 1820.
CATHLAPOOTLE, on Columbia River, opposite the Cathlakamaps; 1,100 in 1820.
CATHLAPOOYA, 500 in 1820, on the Wallaumut River, 60 m. from its mouth.
CATHLASKO, 900 in 1820, on Columbia River, opposite the Chippanchikchiks.
CATHLATHLA, 900 in 1820, on Columbia River, opposite the Cathlakahikits.
CATHLATH, 500 in 1820, on the Wallaumut River, 60 in. from its mouth.
CATTANAUAW, between the Saskashawan and Missouri Rivers, in 1805.
CACGHNEWAGA, places where Christians lived were so called.
CHACTOO, on Red River; in 1805, but 100; indigenous; always lived there.
CHAOUANONS, the French so called the Shawanese; (Chowans ?)
CHEEGEE, (Cherokees,) 50 to 80 m. S. of them; called also Mid. Settlement, 1780.
CHEHAWS, small tribe on Flint River, destroyed by Georgia militia in 1817.
CHEPEYAN, claim from lat. 600 to 65°, long. 1000 to 110° W.; 7,500 in 1812.
CHEROKEE, in Georgia, S. Carolina, &c., till 1836; then forced beyond the Mississippi.
CHESKITALOWA, (Seminoles,) 580 in 1820, W. side Chattahoochee.
CHIEN, (Dog ) near the sources Chien River; 300 in 1805; 200 in 1820.
CHIHEELEESH, 40 m. N. of Columbia River; 1,400 in 1820.
CHICKASAW, between heads of Mobile River in 1780; once 10,000; now in Arkansas.
CHIPPANCHIKCHIKS, 60 in 1820, N. side Columbia River, 220 in. from its mouth.
CHIKAHOMINI, on Matapony River, Va., in 1661; but 3 or 4 in 1790; now extinct.
CHIKAMAUGAS, on Tennessee River, 90 m. below the Cherokees, in 1790.
CHILLATES, 156 in 1820, on the Pacific, N. Columbia River, beyond the Quieetsos.
CHILLUKITEQUAU, on the Columbia, next below the Narrows ; 1,400 in 1820.
CHILTZ, N. of Columbia River, on the Pacific, next N. of the Killaxthocles.
CHIMNAHPUM, on Lewis River, N. W. side of the Columbia; 1,800 in 1820.
CHINNOOK, on N. side Columbia River; in 1820, about 400 in 28 lodges.
CHIPPEWAS, about Lake Superior, and other vast regions of the N., very numerous.
CHITIMICHA, on W. bank Miss. River in 1722; once powerful, then slaves.
CHOKTAW, S. of the Creeks; 15,000 in 1812; in 1848 in Arkansas.
CHOPUNNISH, on Kooskooskee River; 4,300 in 1806, in 73 lodges.
CHOWANOK, (Shawanese ?) in N. Carolina, on Bennet's Creek, in 1708; 3,000 in 1630.
CHOWANS, E. of the Tuscarora in N. Carolina; 60 join the Tuscarora in 1720.
CHRISTENAUX, only another spelling of KNISTENAUX, which see.
CLAHCLELLAH, 700 in 1820, on the Columbia River, below the rapids.
CLAKSTAR, W. R., on a river flowing into the Columbia at Wappatoo Island.
CLAMOCTOMICII, on the Pacific, next N. of the Chiltz; 260 in 1820.
CLANIMATAS, on the S. W. side of Wappatoo Island; 200 in 1820, W. R.
CLANNARMINIMUNS, S. W. side of Wappatoo Island; 280 in 1820, W. R.
CLSTSOPS, about 2 m. N. of the mouth of Columbia River; 1,300 in 1820.
CLARKAMES, on a river of their name flowing into the Wallaumut; 1,800 in 1820.
CNEIS, on a river flowing into Sabine Lake, 1690; the COENIS of Hennepin, probably.
COHAKIES, nearly destroyed in Pontiak's time; in 1800, a few near Lake Winnebago.
COLAPISSAS, on E. bank Mississippi in 1720, opposite head of Lake Pontchartrain.
CONCHATTAS came to Appalousas in 1794, from E. the Mississ.; in 1801, on Sabine.
CONGAREES, a small tribe on Congaree River, S. Carolina, in 1701; long since gone.
CoNOYS, perhaps Kanliawas, being once on that river; (Canais, and variations.)
COOKKOO-OOSE, 1,500 in 18016, coast of Pacific, S. of Columbia r., and S. of Killawats. COOPSPELLAR, on a river falling into the Columbia, N. of Clark's; 1,600 in 1806.
COOSADAS, (Creeks,) once resided near the River Tallapoosie.
COPPER, so called from their copper ornaments, on Coppermine River, in the north.
CREEES, (Tuscaroras,) on Neus River, N Carolina, in 1700, and subsequently.
CORONKAWA, on St. Jacintho River, between Trinity and Brazos; 350 in 1820.
COWLITSICK, on Columbia River, 62 m. from its mouth, in 3 villages; 2,400 in 1820.
CREEKS, (Muscogees,) Savannah r. to St. Augustine, thence to Flint r., 1730.
CREES, (Lynx, or Cat,) another name of the Knistenaux, or a part of them.
CROWS, (Absorokas,) S. branches of the Yellowstone River; 45,000 in 1834.
CUTSAHNIM, on both sides Columbia River, above the Sokulks; 1,200 in 1820.

DAHCOTA, or DOCOTA, the name by which the Sioux know themselves.
DELAWARE, (Lenna-lenape,) those once on Delaware River and Bay; 500 in 1750.
DINONDADIES, (Hurons,) same called by the French Tionontaties.
DOEGS, small tribe on the Maryland side Potomac River, in 1675.
DOGRIBS, (Blackfeet,) but speak a different language.
DOGS, the Chiens of the French. See CHIEN.
DOTAME, 120 in 1805; about the heads of Chien River, in the open country.

ECHEMINS, (Canoe-men,) on R. St. Johns; include Passamaquoddies and St. Johns.
EDISTOES, in S. Carolina in 1670; a place still bears their name there.
EMUSAS, (Seminoles,) W. side Chattahoochee, 2 m. above the Wekisas ; 20 in 1820.
ENESHURES, at the great Narrows of the Columbia; 1,200 in 1820, in 41 lodges.
ERIES, along E. side of Lake Erie, destroyed by the Iroquois about 1654.
ESAWS, on River Pedee, S. Carolina, in 1701 ; then powerful ; Catawbas, probably.
ESKELOOTS, about 1,000 in 1820, in 21 lodges, or clans, on the Columbia.
ESQUIMAUX, all along the northern coasts of the frozen ocean, N. of 600 N. lat.
ETOHUSSEWAK, (Semin.,) on Chattahoochee, 3 m. above Ft. Gaines; 100 in 1820.

FACULLIES, 100 in 1820; on Stuart Lake, W. Rocky Mount.: lat. 540, lon. 125° W.
FALL, so called from their residence at the falls of the Kooskooskee See ALANSARS.
FIVE NATIONS, Mohawks, Senecas, Cayugas, Onondagas, and Oneidas; which see.
FLAT-HEADS, (Tutseewas,) on a large river W. R.; on S. fork Columbia r.
FOLLES AVOINES, the French so called the Menominee.
FOND DU LAC, roam from Snake River to the Sandy Lakes.
FOWL-TOWNS, (Seminoles,) 12 m. E. Fort Scott; about 300 in 1820.
FOXES, (Ottagamies,) called Renards by the French ; dispossessed by B. Hawk's war

GANAWESE, on the heads of Potomac River; same as Kanhaways, probably.
GAYHEAD, Martha's Vineyard; 200 in 1809; in 1820, 340.
GRAND RIVER, on Grand r., N. side L. Ontario ; Mohawks, Seneca, and oth.; 2,000.
GROS VENTRES, W. Mississippi, On Maria River, in 1806; in 1834, 3,000.

HARE-FOOT, next S. of the Esquimaux, and in perpetual war with them.
HALLIBEES, a tribe Creeks, destroyed in 1813,
HANNAKALLAL, 600 in 1820, on Pacific, S. Columbia next beyond the Luckkarso.
HASSANAMESITS, a tribe of Nipmuks, embraced Christianity in 1660
HIHIGHENIMMO, 1,300 in 1820, from month of Lastaw River, up it to the forks
HELLWITS, 100 m. along the Columbia from the falls upward, on the N. side.
HERRING POND a remnant of Wampanoags, in Sandwich, Mass.; about 40.
HIETANS, (Camanches,), erratic bands; from Trinity to Brazos, and Red River
HINI, (Cadodache,) 200 in 1820, On Angelina r., between Red r. and Rio del Norte.
HITCHITTEES, once on Chattahoochee r., 600 now in Arkansas; speak Muskogee.
HOHILPOS, (Tushepahas,) 300 in 1820, above great falls on Clark's River.
HUMAS, Oumas , "Red nation," in Ixsussees Parish, La., in 180., below  Manchak.
HURONS, (Wyandots, Quatoghies,) adjacent, and N. gt. lakes; subd. by Iroq., 1650

ILLINOIS, "the lake of men," both sides Illinois r. ; 12,000 in 1670; 60 towns in 1700.
INIES , or TACHIES  [Texas ?] branch Sabine; 80 men in 1806, Speak Caddo.
IOWAYS, On Ioway River before Black Hawks war; 1.100 beyond the Mississippi.
IROQUOIS, 1606, On St. Lawrence, below Quebec; 1687, 3 odd theo, to Miss.
ISATIS, smnetimes a name of the Sioux before 1755.
ITHKYEMAMITS, 600 in 1820, on N sides Columbia, near the Cathlaskos.

JELAN, one of the three tribes of Camanches, on sources Brazos, Del Norte, &c.

KADAPAUS, a tribe in N. Carolina in 1707.
KAHUNKLES, 400 in 1820, W. Rocky Mountains; abode unknown.
KALOOSAS, a tribe found early in Florida, long since extinct.
KANENAVISH, on the Padoucas' fork of the Platte; 400 in 1805.
KANHAWAS, Ganawese or Canhaways; on the River Kanhawa, formerly.
KANSAS, on the Arkansas River; about 1,000 in 1836 ; in 1820, 1,850.
KASKASKIAS, (Illin.) on a river of same name flowing into the Mississ. ; 250 in 1797.
KASKAYAS, between sources of the Platte and Rocky Mountains, 3,000 in 1836.
KATTEKA, (Padoucas,) not located by travellers. See PADOUCAS.
KEEKATSA, (Crows,) both sides Yellowstone above mouth Big Horn r., 3,500 in 1805.
KEYCHE, E. branch Trinity River in 1806; Once on the Sabine; 260 in 1820.
KIAWAS, On Padouca River, beyond the Kites; 1,000 in 1806.
KIGENE, on the shore of Pacific Ocean in 1821, under the chief Skittegates.
KIKAPOO, formerly in Illinois; now about 300, chiefly beyond the Mississippi.
KILLAMUK, a branch of the Clatsops, on the coast of the Pacific Ocean; about 1,000.
KILLAWAT, in a larege town on the coast of the Pacific, E of the Luktons.
KILLAXTHOCLES, 100 in 1820, at the mouth of Columbia River, on N. side.
KIMOENIMS, a band of the Chopunnish, on Lewis's River; 800 in 1820, in 33 clans.
KINAL, about Cook's Inlet, on the coast of the Pacific Ocean.
KITES, (Staetans,) between sources Platte and Rocky Mountains; about 500 in 1820.
KISKAKONS inhabited Michilmakinak in 1680; a Huron tribe.
KNISTENAUX, on Assinnaboin River; 5,000 in 1812; numerous; women comely.
KONAGENS, Esquimaux, inhabiting Kadjak Island, lat 58° lon 152º W.
KOOK-KOO-OOSE, on the coast of the Pacific, S. of the Killawats; 1,500 in 1835.
KUSKARAWAOKS, one of six tribes on E. shore of Chesapeak in 1607; ('Tuscaroras ?)

LAHANNA, 2,000 in 1820, both sides Columbia, above the mouth of Clark's River.
LARTIELO, 600 in 1820, at the falls of Lastaw River, below Wayton Lake
LEAF, (Sioux,) 600 in 1820, on the Missouri, above Prairie du Chien.
LEECH RIVER, about 350 in 1820, near Sandy Lake, lat. 46° 9' N.
LENNA LENAPE, once from Hudson to Delaware River; now scattered in the West.
LIPANIS, 800 in 1816, from Rio Grande to the interior of Texas; light hair.
LOUCHEUX, next N. of the Esquimaux, or S. of lat. 67° 15' N.
LUKAWIS, 830 in 1820, W. of the Rocky Mountains; abode unknown.
LUKKARSO, 1,200 in 1820, coast of Pacific, S. of Columbia r. beyond the Shallalah.
LUKTONS, 20 in 1820, W. of the Rocky Mountains; abode unknown.

MACHAPUNGAS, in N. Carolina in 1700; practiced circumcision.
MANDANs, 1,250 in 1805, 1200 m. fm. mouth of Miisso. 1838 reduced to 21 ands, pox.
MANGOAGS, or TUTELOES, (Iroquois,) Nottoway River, formerly, now extinct.
MANHATTANS, (Mohicans,) once on the island where New York city now stands.
MANNAHOAKS, once on the upper waters of the Rappahannock r.; extinct long ago.
MARACHITES, (Abenakies,) on the St. John's ; a remnant remains.
MARSAPEAGUES mice on Long Island, S, side of Oyster Bay; extinct.
MARSHPEES, (Wampanoags,) 315 in 18:32; Barnstable Co. Mas. mixed with blacks.
MASCOUTINS, or FIRE, IND., betw. Mississ. and L. Michigan, 1665; (Sacs and Foxes?)
MASSACHUSETTS, the state perpetuates their name.
MASSAWOMES (Iroquois,) once spread over Kentucky.
MATHLASOBS, 500 in 1820, on an island in the mouth of Wallaumut River, W. R.
MAYES, 600 in 1805, St. Gabriel Creek, mouth of Guadaloupe River, Louisiana.
MENOMINIES, (Algonkins,) once on Illinois r. ; now 300 W. Mississippi.
MESSASSAGNES, 2,000 in 1764, N. of, and adjacent to, L. Huron and Superior.
MIAMIS, (Algonkins,) once on the r. of their name; now 1,500, beyond the Mississ.
MIKASAUKIES, (Seminoles,) about 1,000 in 1821 ; very warlike.
MIKMAKS, (Algonkius,) 3,000 in 1760, in Nova Scotia ; the Suriquois of the French.
MIKSUKSEALTON, (Tushepaha,) 300 in 1820, Clark's River, above great falls, W. R.
MINETARES, 2,500 in 1805, 5 m. above the Mandans, on both sides Knife River. MINDAWARCARTON, in 1805, on both sides Mississippi, from St. Peter's upward.
MINGOES, once such of the Iroquois were so called as resided upon the Scioto River.
MINSI, Wolf tribe of the Lenna Lenape, once over New Jersey and part of Penn.
MISSOURIES, once on that part of the River just below Grand r., in 1820.
MITCHIGAMIES, one of the five tribes of the Illinois ; location uncertain.
MOHAWKS, head of Five Nations ; formerly on Mohawk r. ; a few now in Canada.
MOHEGANS, or MOHEAKUNNUKS, in 1610, Hudson r. from Esopus to Albany.
MONACANS, (Tuscaroras,) once near where Richmond, Virginia, now is.
MONGOULATCIIES, on the W. side of the Mississippi. See BAYAGOULAS.
MONTAGNES, (Algonkins,) N. side St. Law., betw. Saguenay and Tadousac, in 1609.
MONTAUKS, on E. end of Long Island, formerly ; head of 13 tribes of that island.
MORATOKS, 80 in 1607; 40 in 1669, in Lancaster and Richmond counties, Virginia.
MOSQUITOS, once a numerous race on the E. side of the Isthmus of Darien.
MULTNOMAHS, (Wappatoo,) 800 in 1820, mouth of Multnomah River, W. R.
MUNSEYS, (Delawares,) in 1780, N. branch Susquehannah r. ; to the Wabash in 1808.
MUSKOGEES, 17,000 in 1775, on Alabama and Apalachicola Rivers. See B. iv.

NABEDACHES, (Caddo,) on branch Sabine, 15 m. above the Inies; 400 in 1805.
NABIJOS, between N. Mexico and the Pacific ; live in stone houses, and manufacture.
NANDAKOES, 120 in 1805, on Sabine, 60 m. W. of the Yattassees ; (Caddo.)
NANTIKOKES, 1711, on Nantikoke River; 1755, at Wyoming; same year went west.
NARCOTAR, the name by which the Sioux know themselves.
NARRAGANSETS, S. side of the bay which perpetuates their name; nearly extinct.
NASHUAYS, (Nipmuks,) on that river from its mouth, in Massachusetts.
NATCHEZ, at Natchez ; discovered, 1701 ; chiefly destroyed by French, 1720.
NATCHITOCHES, once at that place; 100 in 1804; now upon Red River.
NATEOTETAINS, 200 in 1820, W. R., on a river of their name, W. of the Facullies.
NATIKS, (Nipmuks,) in Massachusetts, in a town now called after them.
NECHACOKE, (Wappatoo,) 100 in 1820, S. side Columbia, near Quicksand r., W. R.
NEEKEETOO, 700 in 1820, on the Pacific, S. of the Columbia, beyond the Youicone.
NEMALQUINNER, (Wappatoo,) 200 in 1820, N. side Wallaumut River, 3 m. up.
NIANTIES, a tribe of the Narragansets, and in alliance with them, p. 131.
NICARIAGAS, once about Michilimakinak ; joined Iroquois in 1723, as seventh nation
NIPISSINS, (original Algonkins,) 400 in 1764, near the source of Ottoway River.
NIPMUICS, eastern interior of Mass. ; 1,500 in 1775 ; extinct. See p. 82, 104, 164, 276.
NORRIDGEWOKS, (Abenakies,) on Penobscot River. See Book iii. 303, 311.
NOTTOWAYS, on Nottoway River, in Virginia; but 2 of clear blood in 1817.
NYACKS, (Mohicans,) or MANHATTANS, once about the Narrows, in New York.

OAKMULGES, (Muskogees,) to the E. of Flint River; about 200 in 1834.
OCAMECHES, in Virginia in 1607; had before been powerful; then reduced.
OCHEES. See UCHEES. - Perhaps Ochesos; 230 in Florida in 1826, at Ochee Bluff
OCONAS, (Creeks.) See Book iv. 369.
OJIBWAS, (Chippeways,) 30,000 in 1836, about the great lakes, and N. of them.
OKATIOKINANS, (Seminoles,) 580 in 1820, near Fort Gaines, E. side Mississippi.
OMAHAS, 2,200 in 1820, on Elkhorn River, 80 m. front Council Bluffs.
ONEIDAS, one of the Five Nations ; chief seat near Oneida Lake, New York.
ONONDAGAS, one of the Five Nations; formerly in New York; 300 in 1840.
OOTLASHOOTS, (Tushepahas,) 400 in 1820, on Clark's River, W. Rocky Mountains.
OSAOES, 4,000 in 1830, about Arkansas and Osage Rivers; many tribes.
OTAGAMIES, (Winnebagoes,) 300 in 1780, betw. Lake of the Woods and the Mississ.
OTOES, 1,500 in 1820; in 1805, 500; 15 leagues up the River Platte, on S. side.
OTTAWAS, 1670, removed from L. Superior to Michilimakinak ; 2,800 in 1820.
OUIATANONS, or WAAS, (Kikapoos,) mouth of Eel r., Ind., 1791, in a village 3 m. long
OUMAS, E. bank Mississippi in 1722, in 2 villages, quarter of a mile front the river.
OWASSISSAS, (Seminoles,) 100 in 1820, on E. waters of St. Mark's River.
OWAS, 2,000 in 1750; on Ozaw River in 1780, which flows into the Mississippi.
OZIMIES, one of the six tribes on E. shore of Maryland and Virginia in 1607.

PACANAS, on Quelquechose River, La. ; 30 men in 1805 ; 40 m. S. W. Natchitoches.
PADOUCAS, 2,000 warriors in 1721, on the Kansas ; dispersed before 1805.
PADOWAGAS, by some the Senecas were so called; uncertain.
PAILSH, 200 in 1820, on coast of the Pacific, N. Columbia r., beyond the Potoashs.
PALACHES, a tribe found early in Florida, but long since extinct.
PAMI.ICO, but 15 in 1708, about Pamlico Sound, in N. Carolina; extinct.
PANCAS once on Red River, Of Winnipec L. ; afterwards joined the Omahas.
PANIS, (Tonicas,) 40 villages in 1750, S. br. Missouri; 70 villages on Red r., 1755.
PANNEH. See ALLAKAWEAH, 2,300 in 1805, on heads Big Horn River.
PASCATAWAYS, once a considerable tribe on the Maryland side Potomac River.
PASCAGOULAS 25 men in 1805, on Red r., 60 in. below Natchitoches ; from Florida. PASSAMAQUODDIE, on Schoodak r., Me., in Perry Pleasant Point, a small number.
PAUNEE, 10,000 in 1820, on the Platte and Kansas; Republicans, Loupes, and Picts. PAWISTUCIENMUK, 500 in 1820; small, brave tribe, in the prairies of Missouri.
PAWTUCKETS, (Nipmuks,) on Merrimac River, where Chelmsford now is; extinct.
PEGANS, (Nipmuks,) 10 in 1793, in Dudley, Mass. on a reservation of 200 acres.
PELLOATPALLAH, (Chopunnish,) 1,600 in 1820, on Kooskooskee r., above forks.
PENOBSCOTS, (Abenakies,) 330, on an island in Penobscot r., 12 in. above Bangor.
PENNAKOOKS, (Nipmuks,) along Merrimac r., where is now Concord, N. H., &c.
PEORIAS, 97 in 1820, on Current River ; one of the five tribes of the Illinois.
PEQUAKETS, (Abenakies,) on sources Saco River; destroyed by English in 1725.
PHILLIMEES, (Seminoles,) on or near the Suane River, Florida, in 1817.
PIANKASHAWS, 3,000 once, on the Wabash; in 1780, but 950; since driven west.
PIANKATANK, a tribe in Virginia when first settled; unlocated.
PINESHOW, (Sioux,) 150 in 1820, on the St. Peter's, 15 m. from its mouth.
PISHQUITPAH, 2,600 in 1815, N. side Columbia River, at Museleshell Rapids, W. R.
POTOASH, 200 in 1820, coast Pacific, N. mouth Columbia, beyond Clamoctomichs. POTTOWATOMOE, 1671, on Noquet i., L. Michigan ; 1681, at Chicago.
POWHATANS, 32 tribes spread over Virginia when first discovered by the English.
PUANS, the Winnebagoes were so called by the French at one period.

QUABAOGS, (Nipmuks,) at a place of the same name, now Brookfield, Mass.
QUAPAW, 700 in 1820, on Arkansas r., opp. Little Rock ; reduced by sm. pox in 1720. QUATHLAHPOHTLES, on S. W. side Columbia, above mouth Tahwahnabiook River.
QUATOGHIE, (Wyandots,) once S. side L. Michigan ; Sold their lands to Eng. in 1707
QUIEETSOS, on the Pacific ; 250 in 1820; N. Columbia r., next N. of the Quiniilts.
QUINIILTS, on coast of the Pacific, N. of Columbia r.; 250 in 1820; next the Pailshs.
QUINNECHART, coast Pacific, next N. Calasthocles, N. Columbia r. ; 2,000 in 1820.
QUINNIPISSA are those called Bayagoulas by the Chevalier Tonti.
QUODDIES, See PASSAMAQUODDIE.-3 Coll. Mass. Hist. Soc. iii. 181.

REDGROUND, (Seminoles,) 100 in 1820, on Chattahoochie r, 12 m. above Florida line.
REDKNIFE, so called from their copper knives; roam in the region of Slave Lake.
RED-STICK, (Seminoles,) the Baton Rouge of the French.
RED-WING, (Sioux,) on Lake Pepin, under a chief of their name; 100 in 1820.
RICARRE, (Paunees,) before 1805, 10 large vill. on Missouri r. ; reduced by small pox.
RIVER, (Mohegans,) S. of the Iroquois, down the N. side of Hudson r.
ROUND-HEADS, (Hurons,) E. side Lake Superior; 2,500 in 1764.
RYAWAS, on the Padouca fork of the Missouri; 900 in 1820.

SACHDAGUGHS, (Powhatans,) perhaps the true name of the Powhatans.
SANKHlKANS, the Delawares knew the Mohawks by that name.
SANTEES, a small tribe in N. Carolina in 1701, on a river perpetuating their name.
SAPONIES,s (Wanamies,) Sapona River, Carolina, in 1700; joined Tuscaroras, 1720
SATANAS, a name, it is said, given the Shawanees by the Iroquois.
SAUKE, or SAC, united with Fox before 1805 ; then on Mississ., above Illinois.
SAUTEURS, or FALL INDIANS of the French, about the falls of St. Marv.
SAVANNAHS, so called from the river, or the river from them ; perhaps Yamasees
SCATTAKOOKS, upper part of Troy, N. Y.; went from New England about 1672.
SEMINOLES have been established in Florida a hundred years.
SENECAS, one of the Five Nations; "ranged many thousand miles" in 1700.
SEPONES, in Virginia in 1775, but a remnant. See SAPONIES.
SERRANNA, (Savannahs ?) in Georgia; nearly destroyed by the Westoes about 1670.
SEWEES, a small tribe in N. Carolina, mentioned by Lawson in 1710.
SHALLALAH, 1,200 in 1816, on the Pacific, S. Columbia r. next the Cookkoo-oosee.
SHANWAPPONE, 400 in 1820, on the heads Columbia of Cataract and and Taptul Rivers.
SHAWANE, once over Ohio ; 1672, subdued by Iroquois ; 1,383 near St. Louis in 1820
SHEASTUKLE, 900 in 1820, on the Pacific, S. Columbia r., next beyond the Youitz.
SHINIKOOKS, a tribe of Long Island, about what is now South Hampton.
SHOSHONEE,  30,000 in 1820 on on plains N  Missouri; at war with the Blackfeet.
SHOTO, (Wappatoo,) 460 in 1820, on Columbia River, opposite mouth of Wallaumut.
SICAUNIES, 1,000 in 1820, among the spurs of the Rocky Mountains, W. of the Rapids
SIOUX, discovered by French, 1660;  33,000 in 1820, St. Peter's, Mississ., and Misso.
SISSATONES, upper portions of Red r., of L. Winnipee and St. Peter's, in 1820.
SITKA. en King George III. Islands, on the coast of the Pacific, about lat. 57º N.
SIX NATIONS, (Iroquois.) Mohawk, Seneca, Onondaga, Oneida, Cayuga, Shawane.
SKADDALS, On Cataract River, 25 m. N. of the Big Narrows ; 200 in 1820.
SKEETSOMISH, 2,000 in 1820, on a river of their name flowing into the Lastaw.
SKILLOOT, on Columbia River, from Sturgeon Island upward; 2,500 in 1820.
SKUNNEMOKE or TUCKAPAS, Vermillion River, La., 6 leagues W of N. Iberia.
SMOKSHOP, on Columbia r., at the mouth of the Labiche; 800 in 1820, in 24 clans.
SOKOKIE, on Saco River, Maine, until 1725, when they withdrew to Canada.
SOKULK, on the Columbia, above mouth of Lewis's River; 2,400 in 1820.
SOURIQUOIS, (Mikmaks,) once so called by the early French.
SOUTIES, (Ottowas,) a band probably mistaken for a tribe by the French.
SOYENNOM, (Chopunnish,) on N. side E. fork of Lewis's River; 400 in 1820; W. R.
SPOKAIN, on sources Lewis's River, over a large tract of country, W. Rocky Mts.
SQUANNAROO, on Cataract r., below the Skaddals ; 120 in 1820 ; W. Rocky Mts.
STAETANS, on heads W Chien r., with the Knenavish; 400 in 1805; resemble Kiawas
STOCKBRIDGE, NEW, (Mohegans and Iroquois,) collected in N.Y., 1786; 400 in 1820.
STOCKBRIDGE, Mass., (Mohegans,) settled there in 1734; went to Oneida in 1786.
ST. JOHN'S, (Abenakies,) about 300 still remain on that river.
SUSQUEHANNOK, on W. shore of Md. in 1607 ; that river perpetuates their name.
SUSSEES, near sources of a branch of the Suskashawan, W. Rocky Mountains.
SYMERONS, a numerous of race, on branch E. side of the Isthmus of Darien.

TACULLIES, "people who go upon water;" on head waters of Frazier's River, La.
TAHAGROUDIE, about Detroit in 1723 ; probably Tsonothouans.
TAHUACANA, on River Brazos; 3 tribes; 180 m. up; 1,200 in 1820.
TALLAHASSE, (Seminoles,) 15 in 1820, between Oloklikana and Mikasaukie.
TALLEWHEANA, (Seminoles,) 210 in 1820, on E. side Flint River, near the Chehaws.
TAMARONAS, a tribe of the Illinois ; perhaps Peorias afterwards.
TAMATLES, (Seminoles,) 7 m. above the Ocheeses, and numbered 220 in 1820.
TARRATINES, E. of Pascataqua River; the Nipmuks so called the Abenakies.
TATTOWHEHALLYS, (Seminoles,) 130 in 1820; since scattered among other towns.
TAUKAWAYS, on the sources of Trinity, Brazos, De Dios, and Colorado Rivers.
TAWAKENOE, "Three Canes," W. side Brazos r., 200 m. W. of Nacogdoches, 1804.
TAwAWs, (Hurons,) on the Mawme in 1780, 18 in. from Lake Erie.
TELMOCRESSE, (Seminoles,) W. side Chattahoochee, 15 in. above fork ; 100 in 1820.
TENISAW, once on that river which flows into Mobile Bay ; went to Red r. in 1765.
TETONS, (Sioux,) "vile miscreants," on Mississ., Misso., St. Peter's ; "real pirates."
TIONONTATIES, or DINONDADIES, a tribe of Hurons, or their general name.
TOCKWOOHS, one of the Six tribes on the Chesapeak in 1607.
TONICAS, 20 warriors in 1784, on Mississippi, opp. Point Coupe; once numerous.
TONKAHANS, a nation or tribe of Texans, said to be cannibals.
TONKAWA, 700 in 1820, erratic, about Bay St. Bernardo.
TOTEROS, on the mountains N. of the Sapones, in N. Carolina, in 1700.
TOWACANNO, or TOWOASH, one of three tribes on the Brazos. See TAHUACANA. TSONONTHOUANS, Hennepin so called the Senecas; by Cox, called Sonnontovans.
TUKABATCHE, on Tallapoosie River, 30 in. above Fort Alabama, in 1775.
TUNICA, (Mobilian,) on Red River, 90 in. above its mouth ; but 30 in 1820.
TUNXIS, (Mohegans,) once in Farmington, Conn. ; monument erected to them, 1840
TUSHEPAHAS, and OOTLASHOOTS, 5,600 in 1820, on Clark's and Missouri Rivers.
TUSCARORA, on Neus r., N. Carolina, till 1712 ; a few now in Lewiston, Niagara r.
TUTSEEWA, on a river W. Rocky Mts., supposed to be a branch of the Columbia.
TWIGHTWEES, (Miamies,) in 1780, on the Great Miami; so called by the Iroquois.

UCHEE, once on Chattauchee r., 4 towns ; some went to Florida, some west.
UFALLAH, (Seminoles,) 670 in 1820, 12 m. above Fort Gaines, on Chattahoochee r.
UGALJACHMUTZI, a tribe about Prince William's Sound, N. W. coast.
ULSEAH, on coast of the Pacific, S. Columbia, beyond the Neekcetoos; 150 in 1820
UNALACHTGO, one of the three tribes once composing the Lenna Lenape.
UNAMIES, the head tribe of Lenna Lenape.
UNCHAGOOS, a tribe anciently on Long Island, New York.
UPSAROKA, (Minetare,) commonly called Crows.

WAAKICUM, 30 m. up Columbia River, opposite the Cathlamats ; 400 in 1836
WABINGA, (Iroquois,) between W. branch of Delaware and Hudson r.
WACO, (Panis,) 800 in 1820, on Brazos River, 24 m. from its mouth.
WAHOWPUMS, on N. branch Columbia River, from Lapage r. upward ; 700 in 1806.
WAHPATONE, (Sioux,) rove in the country on N. W. side St. Peter's River.
WAHPACOOTA, (Sioux ?) in the country S. W. St. Peter's in 1805 ; never stationary.
WAMESITS, (Nipmuks,) once on Merrimac River, where Lowell, Mass., now is.
WAMPANOAG, perhaps the 3d nation in importance in N. E. when settled by the Eng
WAPPINGS, at and about Esopus in 1758 ; also across the Hudson to the Minsi. WARANANCONGUINS, supposed to Lie the same as the Wappings.
WASHAWS, on Barrataria Island in 1680, considerable ; 1805, at Bay St. Fosh, 5 only.
WATEREES, once on the river of that name in S. Carolina, but long since extinct.
WATEPANETO, On the Padouca fork of the Platte, near Rocky Mts. ; 900 in 1820.
WAWENOLS, (Abenakies,) once from Sagadahock to St. George River, in Maine.
WAXSAW, once in S. Carolina, 45 in. above Camden ; name still continues.
WEAS, or WAAS, (Kikapoos.) See OUIATANONS.
WEKISA, (Semin.,( 250 in 1820, W. side Chattahoochee, 4 m. above the Cheskitaloas.
WELcH, said to be on a southern branch of the Missouri.
WESTOES, in 1670, on Ashley and Edisto Rivers, in S. Carolina.
WETEPAHATO, with the Kiawas, in 70 lodges in 1805, Padouca fork of Platte River.
WHEELPO, on Clark's River, from the mouth of the Lastaw; 2,500 in 1820; W. R.
WHIRIPOOLS, (Chikamaugas,) so called from the place of their residence.
WHITE, W. of Mississippi River; mentioned by many travellers.
WIGHCOMOCOS, one of the six tribes in Virginia in 1607, mentioned by Smith.
WILLEWAHS, (Chopunnish,) 501) in 1820, on Willewah r., which falls into Lewis's.
WINNERAGO, on S. side Lake Michigan until 1832; Ottagamics, &c.
WOLF, Loupe of the French; several nations had tribes su called.
WOKKON, 2 leagues from the Tuscaroras in 1701 ; long since extinct.
WOLLAWALLA, on Columbia r., from above Muscleshell Rapids, W. Rocky Mts.
WYANDOTS, (Hurons,) a great seat at Sandusky in 1780; warlike.
WYCOMES, on the Susquchannah in 16.18, with some Oneidas, 250.
WYNIAWS, a small tribe in N. Carolina in 1701.

YAMACRAW, at the bluff of their name in 1732, near Savannah, about 140 men.
YAMASEE, S. border of S. Carolina; nearly destroyed in 1715 by English.
YAMPERACK, (Camanches,) 3 tribes about sources Brazos, del Norte, &c.; 1817, 30,00a
YANKTONS, in the plane country adjacent to E. side of the Rocky Mountains.
YATTASSEE, its Louisiana, 50 m. from Natchitoches, on a creek falling into Red r.
YAZOOS, formerly upon the river of their name ; extinct in 1770.
YEAHTENTANEE, on banks St. Joseph's r., which flows into L. Michigan, in 1760.
YEHAH, above the rapids of the Columbia in 1820; 2,800, with some others.
YELRTPOO, (Chopunnish,) 250 in 1820, on Weancum r., under S. W. Mountain.
YoulcoxE, on the Pacific, next N. of the mouth of Columbia River; 700 in 1820

Native American Nations


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