- Quoratem, Gibbs in Schoolcraft, Ind. Tribes, III, 422, 1853
(proposed as a proper name of family “should it be held one”).
- Eh-nek, Gibbs in Schoolcraft, Ind. Tribes, III, 423, 1853
(given as name of a band only; but suggests Quoratem as a proper
- Ehnik, Latham in Trans. Philolog. Soc. Lond., 76, 1856
(south of Shasti and Lutuami areas). Latham, Opuscula, 342,
- Cahrocs, Powers in Overland Monthly, 328, April, 1872 (on
Klamath and Salmon Rivers).
- Cahrok, Gatschet in Beach, Ind. Misc., 438, 1877.
- Ka´-rok, Powers in Cont. N.A. Eth., III, 19, 1877. Powell in
ibid., 447, 1877 (vocabularies of Ka´-rok, Arra-Arra, Peh´-tsik,
- Klamath, Keane, App. to Stanford’s Comp. (Cent. and So.
Am.), 475, 1878 (cited as including Cahrocs).
Derivation: Name of a band at mouth of Salmon River, California.
This family name is equivalent to the Cahroc or Karok of Powers and
In 1853, as above cited, Gibbs gives Eh-nek as the titular heading
of his paragraphs upon the language of this family, with the remark
that it is “The name of a band at the mouth of the Salmon, or
Quoratem river.” He adds that “This latter name may perhaps be
considered as proper to give to the family, should it be held one.”
He defines the territory occupied by the family as follows: “The
language reaches from Bluff creek, the upper boundary of the Pohlik,
to about Clear creek, thirty or forty miles above the Salmon;
varying, however, somewhat from point to point.”
The presentation of the name Quoratem, as above, seems sufficiently
formal, and it is therefore accepted for the group first indicated
In 1856 Latham renamed the family Ehnik, after the principal band,
locating the tribe, or rather the language, south of the Shasti and
The geographic limits of the family are somewhat indeterminate,
though the main area occupied by the tribes is well known. The
tribes occupy both banks of the lower Klamath from a range of hills
a little above Happy Camp to the junction of the Trinity, and the
Salmon River from its mouth to its sources. On the north, Quoratean
tribes extended to the Athapascan territory near the Oregon line.
Population.—According to a careful
estimate made by Mr. Curtin in the region in 1889, the Indians of
this family number about 600.
Indian Linguistic Families of America North of Mexico, 1891