- Zuņi, Turner in Pac. R. R. Rep., III, pt. 3, 55, 91-93, 1856
(finds no radical affinity between Zuņi and Keres). Buschmann,
Neu-Mexico, 254, 266, 276-278, 280-296, 302, 1858 (vocabs. and
general references). Keane, App. Stanfords Com. (Cent. and So.
Am.), 479, 1878 (a stock language). Powell in Rocky Mountain
Presbyterian, Nov., 1878 (includes Zuņi, Las Nutrias, Ojo de
Pescado). Gatschet in Mag. Am. Hist., 260, 1882.
- Zuņian, Powell in Am. Nat., 604, August, 1880.
Derivation: From the Cochití term Suinyi, said to mean the
people of the long nails, referring to the surgeons of Zuņi who
always wear some of their nails very long (Cushing).
Turner was able to compare the Zuņi language with the Keran, and his
conclusion that they were entirely distinct has been fully 139
substantiated. Turner had vocabularies collected by Lieut. Simpson
and by Capt. Eaton, and also one collected by Lieut. Whipple.
The small amount of linguistic material accessible to the earlier
writers accounts for the little done in the way of classifying the
Pueblo languages. Latham possessed vocabularies of the Moqui, Zuņi,
A´coma or Laguna, Jemez, Tesuque, and Taos or Picuri. The affinity
of the Tusayan (Moqui) tongue with the Comanche and other Shoshonean
languages early attracted attention, and Latham pointed it out with
some particularity. With the other Pueblo languages he does little,
and attempts no classification into stocks.
Zuņi occupy but a single permanent pueblo, on the Zuņi River,
western New Mexico. Recently, however, the summer villages of
Tâiakwin, Heshotatsína, and K´iapkwainakwin have been occupied by a
few families during the entire year.
Population.The present population
Indian Linguistic Families of America North of Mexico, 1891