- Chimakum, Gibbs in Pac. R. R. Rep., I, 431, 1855 (family
- Chemakum, Eells in Am. Antiquarian, 52, Oct., 1880
(considers language different from any of its neighbors).
- Puget Sound Group, Keane, App. Stanford’s Comp. (Cent. and
So. Am.), 474, 1878 (Chinakum included in this group).
- Nootka, Bancroft, Native Races, III, 564, 1882 (contains
Concerning this language Gibbs, as above cited, states as
The language of the Chimakum “differs materially from either that of
the Clallams or the Nisqually, and is not understood by any of their
neighbors. In fact, they seem to have maintained it a State secret.
To what family it will ultimately be referred, cannot now be
Eells also asserts the distinctness of this language from any of its
neighbors. Neither of the above authors assigned the language family
rank, and accordingly Mr. Gatschet, who has made a comparison of
vocabularies and finds the language to be quite distinct from any
other, gives it the above name.
The Chimakum are said to have been formerly one of the largest and
most powerful tribes of Puget Sound. Their warlike habits early
tended to dimmish their numbers, and when visited by Gibbs in 1854
they counted only about seventy individuals. This small remnant
occupied some fifteen small lodges on Port Townsend Bay. According
to Gibbs “their territory seems to have embraced the shore from Port
Townsend to Port Ludlow.”31
In 1884 there were, according to Mr. Myron Eells, about twenty
individuals left, most of whom are living near Port Townsend,
Washington. Three or four live upon the Skokomish Reservation at the
southern end of Hood’s Canal.
The Quile-ute, of whom in 1889 there were 252 living on the Pacific
south of Cape Flattery, belong to the family. The Hoh, a sub-tribe
of the latter, number 71 and are under the Puyallup Agency.
The following tribes are recognized:
Indian Linguistic Families of America North of Mexico, 1891