- Coahuilteco, Orozco y Berra, Geografía de las Lenguas de
México, map, 1864.
- Tejano ó Coahuilteco, Pimentel, Cuadro Descriptivo y
Comparativo de las Lenguas Indígenas de México, II, 409, 1865.
(A preliminary notice with example from the language derived
from Garcia’s Manual, 1760.)
Derivation: From the name of the Mexican State Coahuila.
This family appears to have included numerous tribes in southwestern
Texas and in Mexico. They are chiefly known through the record of
the Rev. Father Bartolomé Garcia (Manual para administrar, etc.),
published in 1760. In the preface to the “Manual” he enumerates the
tribes and sets forth some phonetic and grammatic differences
between the dialects.
On page 63 of his Geografía de las Lenguas de México, 1864, Orozco y
Berra gives a list of the languages of Mexico and includes
Coahuilteco, indicating it as the language of Coahuila, Nuevo Leon,
and Tamaulipas. He does not, however, indicate its extension into
Texas. It would thus seem that he intended the name as a general
designation for the language of all the cognate tribes.
Upon his colored ethnographic map, also, Orozco y Berra designates
the Mexican portion of the area formerly occupied by the tribes of
this family Coahuilteco.33 In his statement that the language and
tribes are extinct this author was mistaken, as a few Indians still
survive who speak one of the dialects of this family, and in 1886
Mr. Gatschet collected vocabularies of two tribes, the Comecrudo and
Cotoname, who live on the Rio Grande, at Las Prietas, State of
Tamaulipas. Of the Comecrudo some twenty-five still remain, of whom
seven speak the language.
The Cotoname are practically extinct, although Mr. Gatschet obtained
one hundred and twenty-five words from a man said to be of this
blood. Besides the above, Mr. Gatschet obtained information of the
existence of two women of the Pinto or Pakawá tribe who live at La
Volsa, near Reynosa, Tamaulipas, on the Rio Grande, and who are said
to speak their own language.
Mano de perro.
Indian Linguistic Families of America North of Mexico, 1891