- Muskhogee, Gallatin in Trans. and Coll. Am. Antiq. Soc., II,
94, 306, 1836 (based upon Muskhogees, Hitchittees, Seminoles).
Prichard, Phys. Hist. Mankind, V, 402, 1847 (includes Muskhogees,
- Muskhogies, Berghaus (1845), Physik. Atlas, map 17, 1848.
- Muscogee, Keane, App. Stanford’s Comp. (Cent. and So. Am.),
460, 471, 1878 (includes Muscogees proper, Seminoles, Choctaws,
Chickasaws, Hitchittees, Coosadas or Coosas, Alibamons,
- Maskoki, Gatschet, Creek Mig. Legend, I, 50, 1884 (general
account of family; four branches,
- Maskoki, Apalachian, Alibamu, Chahta). Berghaus, Physik.
Atlas, map 72, 1887.
- Choctaw Muskhogee, Gallatin in Trans. and Coll. Am. Antiq.
Soc., II, 119, 1836.
- Chocta-Muskhog, Gallatin in Trans. Am. Eth. Soc., II, pt. 1,
xcix, 77, 1848. Gallatin in Schoolcraft, Ind. Tribes, III, 401,
- Chata-Muskoki, Hale in Am. Antiq., 108, April, 1883
(considered with reference to migration).
- Chahtas, Gallatin in Trans. and Coll. Am. Antiq. Soc., II,
100, 306, 1836 (or Choctaws).
- Chahtahs, Prichard, Phys. Hist. Mankind, V, 403, 1847 (or
Choktahs or Flatheads).
- Tschahtas, Berghaus (1845), Physik. Atlas, map 17, 1848.
- Choctah, Latham, Nat. Hist. Man, 337, 1850 (includes
Choctahs, Muscogulges, Muskohges). Latham in Trans. Phil. Soc.
Lond., 103, 1856. Latham, Opuscula, 366, 1860.
- Mobilian, Bancroft, Hist. U.S., 349, 1840.
- Flat-heads, Prichard, Phys. Hist. Mankind, V, 403, 1847 (Chahtahs
- Coshattas, Latham, Nat. Hist. Man, 349, 1850 (not
- Humas, Latham, Nat. Hist. Man, 341, 1850 (east of
Mississippi above New Orleans).
Derivation: From the name of the principal tribe of the Creek
Muskhogee family Gallatin includes the Muskhogees proper, who
lived on the Coosa and Tallapoosa Rivers; the Hitchittees, living on
the Chattahoochee and Flint Rivers; and the Seminoles of the
peninsula of Florida. It was his opinion, formed by a comparison of
vocabularies, that the Choctaws and Chickasaws should also be
classed under this family. In fact, he called69
the family Choctaw Muskhogee. In deference, however, to established
usage, the two tribes were kept separate in his table and upon the
colored map. In 1848 he appears to be fully convinced of the
soundness of the view doubtfully expressed in 1836, and calls the
family the Chocta-Muskhog.
The area occupied by this family was very extensive. It may be
described in a general way as extending from the Savannah River and
the Atlantic west to the Mississippi, and from the Gulf of Mexico
north to the Tennessee River. All of this territory was held by
Muskhogean tribes except the small areas occupied by the Yuchi,
Ná´htchi, and some small settlements of Shawni.
Upon the northeast Muskhogean limits are indeterminate. The Creek
claimed only to the Savannah River; but upon its lower course the
Yamasi are believed to have extended east of that river in the
sixteenth to the eighteenth century.70
The territorial line between the Muskhogean family and the Catawba
tribe in South Carolina can only be conjectured.
It seems probable that the whole peninsula of Florida was at one
time held by tribes of Timuquanan connection; but from 1702 to 1708,
when the Apalachi were driven out, the tribes of northern Florida
also were forced away by the English. After that time the Seminole
and the Yamasi were the only Indians that held possession of the
Creek or Maskoki proper.
Population.—There is an Alibamu town
on Deep Creek, Indian Territory, an affluent of the Canadian, Indian
Territory. Most of the inhabitants are of this tribe. There are
Alibamu about 20 miles south of Alexandria, Louisiana, and over one
hundred in Polk County, Texas.
So far as known only three women of the Apalachi survived in 1886,
and they lived at the Alibamu town above referred to. The United
States Census bulletin for 1890 gives the total number of pureblood
Choctaw at 9,996, these being principally at Union Agency, Indian
Territory. Of the Chicasa there are 3,464 at the same agency; Creek
9,291; Seminole 2,539; of the latter there are still about 200 left
in southern Florida.
There are four families of Koasáti, about twenty-five individuals,
near the town of Shepherd, San Jacinto County, Texas. Of the Yamasi
none are known to survive.
Indian Linguistic Families of America North of Mexico, 1891